Niue 5 coin SET 2010


Niue 5 coin SET 2010

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Niue is an island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is commonly known as the "Rock of Polynesia”. Niue is 2,400 kilometers (1,500 mi) northeast of New Zealand in a triangle between Tonga to the southwest, the Samoas to the northwest, and the Cook Islands to the southeast. The land area is 260 square kilometers (100 sq mi) with about 1,400 people who are predominantly Polynesian.

Niue was settled by Polynesians from Samoa.  Until the beginning of the 18th century, there appears to have been no national government or national leader. Before then, chiefs and heads of families exercised authority over segments of the population. Around 1700 the concept and practice of kingship appear to have been introduced through contact with Samoa or Tonga.

The first European to sight Niue was Captain James Cook in 1774. Cook made three attempts to land on the island but was refused permission to do so by the Polynesian inhabitants. He named the island "Savage Island" because, legend has it, the natives that "greeted" him were painted in what appeared to Cook and his crew to be blood. However, the substance on their teeth was that of the hulahula, a native red banana.

In 1887, King Fata-a-iki, who reigned from 1887 to 1896, offered to cede sovereignty to the British Empire, fearing the consequences of annexation by a less benevolent colonial power. The offer was not accepted until 1900.

Niue was a British protectorate for a time, but the UK's direct involvement ended in 1901 when New Zealand annexed the island. Independence in the form of self-government was granted by the New Zealand parliament with the 1974 constitution.

Though self governing, Niue is in free association with New Zealand, and lacks full sovereignty. Queen Elizabeth II is Niue's head of state. Most diplomatic relations are conducted by New Zealand on Niue's behalf.

Seventy-five percent of the population of Niue belong to the "Ekalesia Nieue" (a national Congregationalist body). Other religions present in the island include "Latter-day Saints" (mormonism) and Catholicism.

 

Additional product information

Year 2,010
Condition UNC
Denomination $1- 10 cents
Mintage Unknown

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