Senigallia is a port town of about 45,000 inhabitants on Italy’s Adriatic coast.
It was founded in the 4th century B.C. by the Gallic tribe of the Senones and became the first Roman colony on the Adriatic shore. A colony was founded there by the Romans after their victory over the Senones, before 280 B.C. Subsequently it was destroyed by Pompey in 82 B.C. and laid waste for some time.
Senigallia was again fortified by the Bizantine Imperium but ravaged by the Lombards in the 8th century and by the Saracens in the 9th.
In the 13th century, and repeatedly afterwards, Senigallia held one of the largest fairs in Italy, when Sergius, count of Senigallia, received certain relics of Mary Magdalene from the count of Marseilles. This was a famous fair visited by merchants from Germany, France, Austria, Switzzerland and especially Spain.
Senigallia was chosen by Dante as the typical instance of a ruined city, after the destruction of the city by the Guelphs and Ghibelline wars between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor. In the 15th century it was captured and recaptured again and again by the Malatesta and their opponents.
After 1624 it formed part of the Papal State’s province of Urbino.
Nowadays Senigallia is one of the most famous seaside resorts of the region, attracting tourist from all over Europe, especially from Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands.