The Shawnee Tribe is one of the few sovereign Indian nations of the United States of America. Originally from the East of the country, they were moved west by white colonists. They were first moved to Missouri to 1793, which was then Spanish territory and in 1831, after the Indian Removal Act of 1830, they were moved to a reservation in eastern Kansas.
In 1854, the reservation was decimated to 160,000 acres by the government. This, coupled with the brutal abuses perpetrated against them by white settlers during and after the Civil War, forced the Shawnees to relocate to Cherokee Nation in northeastern Oklahoma.
The federal government caused the former Kansas Shawnees and the Cherokees to enter into a formal agreement in 1869, whereby the Shawnees received allotments and citizenship in Cherokee Nation.
The Shawnees settled in and around White Oak, Bird Creek, and Hudson Creek, maintaining separate communities and separate cultural identities. Known as the Cherokee Shawnees, they would also later be called the Loyal Shawnees.
Initial efforts begun in the 1980s to separate the Shawnee Tribe from Cherokee Nation culminated when Congress enacted Public Law 106-568, the Shawnee Tribe Status Act of 2000, which restored the Shawnee Tribe to its position as a sovereign Indian nation.
These coins have been minted with the official authorisation of the Shawnee Tribe.