Wallis and Futuna, officially the Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands, is a Polynesian French island territory in the South Pacific between Fiji, Tonga and Samoa.
Its land area is 264 km2 with a population of about 15,000. Mata-Utu is the capital and biggest city. The territory is made up of three main volcanic tropical islands along with a number of tiny islets (up to 20), and is split into two island groups that lie about 260 km apart, namely Wallis Islands (Uvea) in the northeast, and Futuna Islands (Hoorn Islands) in the southwest, including Futuna Island proper and the mostly uninhabited Alofi Island (the population of Alofi was reportedly eaten by the cannibal people of Futuna in one single raid in the 19th century).
The territory is divided into three traditional kingdoms; Uvea, on the island of Wallis, Sigave, on the western part of the island of Futuna, and Alo, on the island of Alofi and on the eastern part of the island of Futuna.
Although the Dutch and the British were the European discoverers of the islands in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was the French who were the first Europeans to settle in the territory, with the arrival of French missionaries in 1837, who converted the population to Roman Catholicism.
On 5 April 1842, the missionaries asked for the protection of France after the rebellion of a part of the local population. On 5 April 1887, the queen of Uvea (on the island of Wallis) signed a treaty officially establishing a French protectorate. In 1917, the three traditional kingdoms were annexed to France and turned into the Colony of Wallis and Futuna, still under the authority of the Colony of New Caledonia. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory, effective in 1961, thus ending their subordination to New Caledonia.
Between 1961 and 2003, it had the status of a French overseas territory. Since 2003 Wallis and Futuna has been a French overseas collectivity.
There are 3 different coins from Wallis & Futuna Islands:
- 100 francs Brass
- 200 francs Bimetallic Brass/Nickel
- 500 francs Bimetallic Brass/Nickel