Huliaipole, 100 karbovantsiv 2013

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Huliaipole is a small city in Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine.

The name of the city means a walk-about field. Prior to the annexation of the Crimean Khanate by the Russian Empire the area was mostly settled by Cossacks and the nomad people of the Nogai Horde Minor. Later in the history as an illustration of the amount of political and military chaos in the region, Huliaipole changed hands no less than 16 times from 1917–1921, including being held by Austrian troops, the Red Army, Ukrainian nationalists, the Hetmanate, the White Army, and anarchist Makhnovist forces

It is known as a birthplace of Nestor Makhno. He was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist revolutionary and the commander of an independent anarchist army in Ukraine during the Russian Civil War.

As commander of the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, more commonly referred to as the Makhnovshchina, Makhno led a guerrilla campaign during the Russian Civil War. Makhno fought all factions that sought to impose any external authority over southern Ukraine, battling in succession the Ukrainian Nationalists, the Imperial German and Austro-Hungarian occupation, the Hetmanate Republic, the White Army, the Red Army, and other smaller forces led by Ukrainian atamans. Makhno and his movement repeatedly attempted to reorganize life in the Gulai-Polye region along anarchist-communist lines; however, the disruptions of the civil war precluded any long term social experiments. Although Makhno considered the Bolsheviks a threat to the development of an anarchist Free Territory within Ukraine, he twice entered into military alliances with them to defeat the White Army. In the aftermath of the White Army's final defeat in November 1920, the Bolsheviks initiated a military campaign against Makhno, which concluded with his escape across the Romanian border in August 1921. After a series of imprisonments and escapes, Makhno finally settled in Paris with his wife Galina and daughter Yelena. Makhno died in exile at the age of 45 from tuberculosis-related causes.

This coin was issued to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the birth of Nestor Makhno.

Additional product information

Year 2,013
Material Nickel
Condition UNC
Denomination 100 karbovantsiv
Mintage 200

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