Marie-Galante is an island in the Caribbean Sea belonging to the French Overseas Department of Guadeloupe being located 30 km from the latter, with an estimated population of 12,009 inhabitants in 2006, and an area of approximately 158.01 square kilometers.
She was named by Christopher Columbus by the help of Nicolas Galof Galante in the conquest of it on November 3, 1493, during his second voyage to the West Indies being the second largest island that landed in this second journey.
From Spanish hands passed into French hands, and it was subsequently sacked several times by the Dutch. France and England vied island up to five times.
In 1848 Marie-Galante held in the abolition of slavery. The sugar economy has always been the foundation of its economy.
Honore de Balzac (1799 - 1850), famous French novelist, head of the so-called realist novel of the nineteenth century. It is author of the monumental work "The Human Comedy" composed of dozens of novels aimed at almost exhaustively describe French society of his time.