The present day Ga is predominantly
ewaala who are believe to have migrated from Dorimon near Wa to the
western corridor along the banks of the black Volta. Ga is governed by
a unified leader, the Yirininkpong, who is equally accepted by the
entire people of Ga. The Yirininkpong thus is the most elderly (not
necessarily in age) in lineage among the royal families of Ga.
Livestock keeping is their
major economic activity. The land is also endowed with shea trees and
fertile soil for cropping. Shea butter production is common among their
women. They are commercially inclined with the Ghana Cedi as a medium
of exchange. Cowries are also accepted for customary and sometimes
The people of Ga mainly
practise Islam as their religion. As a result of their religious
background, they adopted Idil Fitr and Idil Adhar as their festivals.
Ga, like any other human
settlement is not without development challenges. Lack of basic social
amenities undoubtedly retards its development agenda. The people until
recently prefer their male children following cattle to having formal
education. At best they are sent to ‘Makaranta’ (Arabic school) to learn
the Qur’an in Arabic. They perceive formal education as threat to
their religious inclinations. Parents are thus reluctant to financing
their wards education. More so, women especially those who lost their
spouses are either coerced to remarry close relations of the deceased
spouses or left alone to bear the burden of fending for their
children’s (orphans) health, education and other needs.
The cosmopolitan Ga
community with close to 5,000 residents has very limited sanitary
facilities. There is only one place of convenience for the community and
one eight seater KVIP (toilet) for the Junior high school. The primary
school and others who the existing facilities are not accessible to,
resort to the ‘free range’ system of defecating.